Diabetes is a chronic disease with the potential of affecting all organs and organ systems. It is not commonly known however, that diabetes also can even lead to substantial impairment of the brain function, “diabetic encephalopathy”.
The human brain is a sophisticated and sensitive organ, constantly depending on oxygen and blood sugar to sustain its complicated function. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels), as occasionally observed in diabetic patients, can immediately impact mood and thinking, or more severely lead to dizziness, unconsciousness or coma. Symptoms may be severe and dangerous, however they usually can be reverted immediately by intake of glucose.
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels) over long time – as seen in uncontrolled diabetes patients – can cause damage of the blood vessels of the brain. This over time can lead to impairment of the mental function, ranging from mild cognitive impairment to the development of end stage dementia. Several scientists also fond direct correlation between diabetes and Alzheimer disease.
The longer one suffers from diabetes and the less the blood glucose level is controlled, the higher is the probability and severity of mental impairment. Diabetics in their 70’s have a 30% higher impairment in mental function than non-diabetic patients. The aging process of the brain is faster in diabetic patients as compared with healthy population.
Only measure to avoid cerebral manifestation or at least to delay the complication is to stick to the principles of a holistic modern diabetes management, based on the three corner stones.
Corner stones of a modern diabetes management
- Modern medication for effective control of blood sugar, blood cholesterol and hypertension
- Regular organ screening to assure early diagnosis of organ complication (kidney, eyes, skin, heart…)
- Lifestyle changes, including regular physical exams, healthy diet and refraining from smoking
For the patients it is difficult however to coordinate all needed appointments without missing important follow up visits or control exams. Scientific studies revealed, that the course of diabetes is less eventful and the quality of life increases if patients are treated within a structured diabetes program.
We cordially invite you to join our Amber Diabetes Registry and our Amber Diabetes Patient Education Program. As Amber Clinics consider Diabetes Registry and Interactive Diabetes Education as a Corporate Social Responsibility, attendance of both programs is free of cost for everybody.
Please contact us if you have questions.
cell phone: 050 153 0873
Amber Clinics: Amber Clinics: Rigga, International City
Al Noor Polyclinics: Deira and Satwa
Dr Joseph Polyclinic: Karama, Qusais